Dual purpose variety ready for picking November. Large flat,
slightly ribbed fruits, yellow in colour streaked with red and some
russeting. Crisp, juicy flesh with a pleasant sharp flavour that
stores and freezes well. Tree growth is vigorous and spreading.
The best quality cooker ripening in October to November. Fruits
very large and flat in shape, coloured green with a slight pink
flush. A good acid flavour that freezes and stores well. A vigorous
tree that needs plenty of space. A Mini would be most suitable for
the smaller garden. Should be lightly pruned to encourage fruit
bud development. Fairly resistant to scab.
A fine dessert apple which may be cooked, ripening in October
and will keep until December. Fruits are medium to large size slightly
flat, with a similar colour to Cox. Flesh tender, sweet and juicy
with aromatic flavour. Tree growth is compact and has heavy regular
crops and good resistance to scab. Grows well in any region.
Cox’s Orange Pipin
The most popular eating apple ripening in October, but will store
until Christmas. Fruits are medium size crisp& juicy with a
charismatic aromatic flavour. Growth moderate, making a medium sized
tree. Self-fertile version available.
The most popular early desert apple ripening early August. Fruits
medium sized, flat in shape and coloured yellow. With bright red
check flush. Flavour sweet and juicy with crisp flesh. Tree moderately
vigorous with upright spreading habit. Crops well and regularly.
Tree moderately vigorous with upright but compact growth. Relatively
disease fee and grows well in any region.
A dessert apple ripening in October but will remain on the tree
until December. Fruit medium sized, round flat shaped with a completely
russeted skin. Firm flesh rather dry, sweet with a nutty aromatic
flavour. Crops well andregularly. Tree moderately vigorous with
upright but compact growth. Relatively disease free and grows well
in any region.
A Cox type dessert apple ripening in September to October. Fruits
medium sized and golden yellow with a crimsonflush. Flesh juicy
and sweet with aromatic aniseed flavour. Tree growth moderate wit
slender compact habit. Crops fairly heavy and early on in its life.
Flowers show some resistance to frost damage.
A very good early dessert variety ripening late July to August.
Fruit medium sized, greenish-yellow flushed red. Flesh sweet aromatic
and firm if eaten fresh. Heavy regular cropper on a tree of moderate
fairly compact growth.
Late to very late dessert apple. Keeps until April in cold store.
Fruit pale yellow, grey russet dots. Crisp, juicy and sweet. Good
resistance to frost damage. Tree medium to vigorous growth and spreading.
Cooking apple. Mid August to late October. Round flattish fruity
large pale green tinged yellow. Tree moderate growth and compact.
Regular heavy cropper. Suitable for a small garden. Scab resistant.
A popular dessert apple which is best eaten from the tree. Fruits
medium sized and conical, coloured pale yellow with crimson flesh
and stripes. Soft very juicy flesh with a delicious tangy flavour.
Crops heavily and regularly on a tree of vigorous upright fairly
compact growth. Grows well in any region and blossoms show frost
New Cox type eating apple, ripens October to November and keeps
well. Fruits slightly conical and medium sized. Golden-yellow flushed
rich red. Flesh crisp, juicy and sweet with familiar Cox flavour.
Crops regularly and heavily up to twice of that of Cox. Tree growth
vigorous and bushy.
A successful James Grieve and Worcester cross which has produced
the early dessert apple, which ripens in September and will keep
for a month. Conical medium sized fruits, coloured bright yellow
and streaked red. Firm flesh that is crisp and juicy. Good heavy
and regular cropper from early on in its life. Tree growth vigorous
Lanes Prince Albert
Cooking Apple. Should be left on tree as long as possible. Keep
until January. Cropping good, fruit round, medium to large. Green
or greenish yellow. Suitable for small gardens. Crops well from
an early age.
Early dessert, late August, early September. Flavour similar to
Cox’s Orange Pippin, medium size. Small tree suitable for
a small garden. Resistant to frost damage.
Early dessert apple ripens September. Fruit round medium size,
pale yellowish green flushed and striped bright red. Flesh firm
and sweet. Compact tree suitable for a small garden. Crops well
from an early age.
A popular eater that ripens October to November and keeps well.
Fruits medium sized and slightly conical, coloured greenish yellow
and flushed with crimson. Flesh firm and sweet with similar flavour
to that of Cox’s. Tree growth vigorous and does well in any
region. Blossom shows some resistance to frost damage.
A good dessert apple ripening mid October and keeps until the
end of November. Fruits medium sized and flattish in shape, coloured
greenish yellow with flushes of red and crimson stripes. Flesh soft,
juicy and sweet with a good aromatic flavour. Crops regularly and
heavily on a manageable but vigorous tree. Grows well in any region
and shows some resistance to frost damage.
A fine cooking apple which can be eaten fresh. Large flattish
fruits that ripen in November and keep well. Coloured yellowish
green with light red streaks. Firm, crisp juicy flesh with a slight
astringent flavour. Tree growth vigorous and spreading that crops
A Cox type dessert variety ripens in October and will keep through
November. Fruits medium size, slightly flat coloured orange-yellow
with scarlet flush streaks. Flesh firm, crisp and sweet with a lovely
aromatic flavour. Heavy cropper. Tree growth moderately vigorous
but compact. A good substitute for Cox in wetter areas. Shows resistance
to scab and frost damage.
A very popular early variety, which is best eaten fresh in September.
Fruits medium sized and slightly flat, coloured greenish yellow
with extensive red flushing. Flesh crisp when fresh, very juicy
and sweet wit a good flavour if fully ripened. Tree growth moderately
vigorous and upright that crops very well after establishment and
with light pruning to induce fruit. Grows well in any region and
shows good resistance to disease and frost.
Before we start pruning make sure you have the tools for the job;
a good pair of secateurs, I recommend Felco, these should last you
a lifetime and for larger branches a pruning saw, again use a reputable
make. Always make cuts to an outward facing bud 5mm (¼”)
above the bud
Apples and Pears
- 1st winter
Cut back the main leader to 25cm (10”) above a
bud, facing the opposite way to last years growth. Cut side branches
to half their length above a bud.
- 2nd winter
As with the first winter prune the main header to 25cm
(10”). Shorten new side branches to half their length and
older side branches a third.
- Subsequent winters
When the tree reaches your desired height, usually 2-3metres
(7-8’) cut the main leader back to this height every winter.
If there are too many branches remove some and also thin spurs
- 1st Summer
In mid August cut any laterals back to 2-3 buds or around
- Subsequent Summers
Cut laterals to 2-3 buds and sub laterals to one bud
above the basal cluster.
Note: Tip Bearers
Apples which are tip bearers should not be pruned other
than occasional whole branches to stimulate fast growth.
Plums & Cherries
Only prune in full growth usually June-July for the first 2 years
take a third off the branch leaders. The only other pruning needed
is for rubbing, crossing or damaged branches.
Trained Fruit e.g. Espaliers
Do the main pruning in mid August. Reduce laterals on the side
branches to 2-3 buds. Train the leader vertically. Train the side
branches out to form tiers every 46cm (18”). In the winter
prune any re-growth of laterals & sub laterals to 2-3 buds.
Tie down vigorous upright shoots on branches in late spring,
early summer, when the branches are most flexible. This is called
festooning and encourages heavier cropping.
- First winter: Cut shoots to 5cm (2”) above soil level.
- Second winter: No pruning
- Subsequent winters: Remove a third of old (dark coloured) wood
to 5cm (2”) or soil level.
Redcurrants, Whitecurrants & Gooseberries
- First winter: Shorten by a half
- Second winter: Shorten branch leaders by a third
- Subsequent winters: Shorten branch leaders by a third. Occasionally
remove old stems to rejuvenate the bush
- Summer Pruning: Prune side shoots to 5cm (2”) in July
- First winter: Cut canes to 10cm (4”)
- First summer: Tie in new canes to wires 10cm (4”) apart.
These will crop the following year
- Subsequent years: Cut canes to 10cm (4”) Cut down fruited
canes. Tie in new canes.
Note: Autumn Raspberries
Autumn fruiting raspberries bear fruit on the current
season’s wood. The canes should be cut down each year soon
Blackberries, Loganberries & Tayberries
- First winter - Cut back the canes to 23cm
(9”). Tie in new shoots in spring for cropping the following
- Subsequent years - Cut out old fruited canes
and train in new ones
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